Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is a term or class of diseases that affect the heart and arteries. These class of diseases or disorder. It is sometimes linked to several disorders that result from complications of the heart and arteries. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is also referred to as arteriosclerotic heart disease or coronary artery disorder.
Heart disease in general is the leading cause of death in the United States and CAD is considered one of the leading types of heart disease, since the heart is the main organ that pumps blood into the vital organs of the body through the arteries. When the arteries are blocked, the delivery of oxygen and blood are all disrupted. Coronary arteries supply oxygen into the heart, it can cause chest pains or angina. This can also lead to blood clot formation which will ultimately lead to heart failure or a sudden heart attack.
Coronary artery disease is caused by artery failure or a high level of cholesterol and plaque can cause the arteries to be blocked. CAD also causes the arteries to harden because of the build-up. This can also affect the heart muscles as well.
Cause & Symptoms
CAD is caused by high cholesterol levels or LDL as well as genetic inheritance. The evidence of the gene that is inherited can indicate the possibility of the disease. Other causes of the disease include poor dietary choices, lifestyle decisions such as smoking and drinking.
Since these lead to the risk of the disease increasing, it is important to note what the symptoms of CAD and other heart related diseases are. Symptoms of CAD include chest pain, heavy pressure and a squeezing under the breast bone as well as lingering body pain, excessive weight gain which is usually not explainable, shortness of breath and fatigue.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Diagnosing this type of heart disease will require a series of tests such as the coronary angiography, x-ray scans and the echocardiogram test as well. In some cases further tests may be required.
When diagnosed with the disease, there is medical treatment available that can assist you to prevent further heart complications. The most effective measure is change in diet and lifestyle. Since disease is often detected later than earlier, you should go in for an early testing and scanning to determine if you will be have the disease. It is also helpful to find out if your family’s medical history has any trace of CAD or other heart diseases.
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